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Guidelines and Policies

International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects International
WHO: Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences
Guidelines for research involving humans, particularly focussed on research in developing countries.


Casebook on Ethical Issues in International Health Research
World Health Organisation
This casebook collects 64 case studies, each of which raises an important and difficult ethical issue connected with planning, reviewing, or conducting health-related research.

Papers, Reports and Books

Access and use of human tissues from the developing world: ethical challenges and a way forward using a tissue trust
Emerson et al, 12 (2011) BMC Medical Ethics 1

Clinical trials in developing countries: scientific and ethical issues
Studdert and Brennan 169 (1998) MJA

Ethical issues in human genomics research in developing countries
de Vries et al, 12 (2011) BMC Medical Ethics 5

Unethical trials of interventions to reduce perinatal transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus in developing countries
Lurie P and Wolfe S M, 337 (1997) New England Journal of Medicine 12, 853-856
Investigations some of the unethical practices entrenched in undertaking clinical trial research in developing countries, particularly in relation to HIV and ART drugs.

Responsible conduct in the global research enterprise: A policy report.
InterAcademy Council/IAP, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Final report of the expert meeting: Clinical trials and protection of trial subjects in low-income and developing countries [PDF]
Brussels, European Parliament (2007)

The ethics of research related to healthcare in developing countries.
Nuffield Council on Bioethics (2005)

What makes clinical research in developing countries ethical? The benchmarks of ethical research
Emanuel, EJ, D Wendler, et al (2004) 189 (5) Journal of Infectious Disease 930-7

Ethical issues facing medical research in developing countries
Gambia Government/Medical Research Council Joint Ethical Committee (1998) 351 Lancet 286-7.

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