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Guidelines and Policies

AAP Policy Statements
American Academy of Pediatrics

Confidential Health Care for Adolescents and Young People Australia
Royal Australasian College of Physicians
The aim of the policy is to ensure that, where appropriate, confidentiality is assured to adolescents in order to enhance their access to health care, their engagement with health professionals, and their health outcomes.

National Standards for the Care of Children and Adolescents in Health Services Australia
Royal Australasian College of Physicians
The Standards for the care of children and adolescents in health services have been developed for use in the Australian healthcare system. The goal of the standards is to ensure that quality care is provided in an environment that is safe and appropriate for the age and stage of development of the child or adolescent.

NSW Online Mandatory Reporter Guide
NSW Department of Premier and Cabinet
A resource to help health professionals and other mandatory reporters decide whether to report suspected abuse or neglect.

Policy on the co-location of adults with children and adolescents in healthcare settings Australia
Royal Australasian College of Physicians
The RACP’s policy on providing health care to children in situations where the children are colocated with adults. Provides recommendations for care.

Toolkits and Protocols

0-18 years: guidance for all doctors
General Medical Council

An extract from the keynote address presented by the Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia
Defence for Children International – Australia

Appendix 1 – AECA Code Of Ethic
Australian Early Childhood Association

Child and Adolescent Community Health
Government of Western Australia

Ethics & Health Law News

Children and Young People, Research Involving
National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)

Children’s Bioethics Centre
The Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne

Children’s Bioethics Research
Children’s Bioethics Centre of The Royal Children’s Hospital (RCH) of Melbourne

Code of Ethics for child welfare professionals (1996)
Illinois Department of Children and Family Services

Consent, Rights and Choices in health care for children and young people UK
British Medical Association
Offers comprehensive practical guidance on the ethical and legal issues which arise in the health care of patients under 18 years of age.

Community Child Health Service: Child Advocacy Service (Child Protection)
QLD Government -Children’s Health Services – For Health Professionals

Critical Care decisions in fetal and neonatal medicine, 2006 UK
Nuffield Council on Bioethics
Discusses the ethical, legal and social issues raised about the treatment and care of extremely premature babies.

Death management and the case of Baby D
Cameron Stewart – ABC Religion and Ethics | 3 May 2011

Disclosure of and access to young people’s health information [PDF]
New South Wales Law Reform Commission

Early Childhood Australia Code of Ethics
Early Childhood Australia

Early Childhood Australia Website
Early Childhood Australia

Ethical issues in paediatric palliative care
The Royal Children’s Hospital (RCH)

Guidance Note 1: Research Involving Children
UCL Research Ethics Committee

Maternal-Physician Conflicts
University of Illinois College of Medicine

National Standards for the Care of Children and Adolescents in Health Services
Royal Australasian College of Physicians

Neonatal medicine
Nuffield Council on Bioethics

Paediatrics & Child Health
Royal Australasian College of Physicians

Premature babies
Nuffield Council on Bioethics

WHO Definition of Palliative Care for Children


Department of Health and Community Services (NT) v JWB (Marion’s Case) (1992) 175 CLR 218 Cth
Introduction of the concept of ‘best interests’ into Australian law.

F v West Berkshire Health Authority and another (Mental Health Act Commission intervening) [1989] 2 All ER 545 UK
Concept of ‘best interests’ emerged in the UK in this case. The case concerned the sterilisation of a young girl and court held that the court could use ‘best interests’ to decide the appropriate course of action, generally meaning health and welfare of the patient.

Women’s and Children’s Health Network Inc v M, CN [2013] SASC 16 South Australia
Blood transfusions were ordered for a child with leukaemia. Parents objected on religious grounds as Jehovah’s witnesses. Court considered best interests of child and ordered treatment.

Papers, Reports and Books

Autonomy vs beneficence: ethics and the representation of children and young people in legal proceedings
Geoff Monahan. Vol 8 No 2, 2008 (QUTLJJ)

Children, Ethics, and the Law: Professional Issues and Cases
Koocher, G. P. & Keith-Spiegel, P.C. (1990).
Children, Ethics, and the Law: Professional Issues and Cases.
Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press

Has child protection become a form of madness? Yes
BMJ 2011; 342:d3040

Obliging children
Lyons, B  19 (2011) Med Law Rev 1, 55-85.
Discusses issues with the obligation model when considering health care procedures that children may undergo that do not improve their health status – such as being bone marrow donors.

The Sterilisation of Girls and Young Women in Australia: issues and progress
Susan Brady, John Britton & Sonia Grover
A Report jointly commissioned by the Sex Discrimination Commissioner and the Disability Discrimination Commissioner at the Australian Human Rights Commission

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